People can even break the law if they so choose. In the French Revolution the populists overthrew the aristocrats who were acting like timocrats and oligarchs.
This is to say, generally, classically speaking, saying an ideal state is rooted in an aristocracy is not a judgement of wealth, social status, or bloodline. They will also be contemptuous towards manual activities and trade and will lead a life in public communion.
Certainly, the numerous executions would give reason to doubt the system of Athenian democracy. And in the case of the tyrant, who has the power to seize what he wants, those desires would always be satisfied and thus never truly satisfying.
He overthrows the rulers and when he has defended democracy and is no longer required, he keeps bringing fake problems to make the people feel that they need him.
Such men, the oligarchs, live only to enrich themselves, and through their private means they seek to fulfill only their most urgent needs. The letter and spirit of the law still safeguard the Republic, but we are wise to, metaphorically, adhere to the basic structure Plato offered.
If, by the way, a revolution does ensue, and the poor become victorious over the rich, the former expel the latter from the city, or kill them, and proceed to divide their properties and political power between one another.
The aristocrat, the most just man, is the most happy. The defender of democracy makes all sorts of promises and pretends very kind in the beginning. It is a purely popular government run by popular sentiment. The first, rather obvious, strike against Athenian democracy is that there was a tendency for people to be casually executed.
The idea of moderation does not exist to him. In America, the Supreme Court is the closest we get to this. Unnecessary desires are desires we can teach ourselves to resist such as the desire for riches.
He ends up in the middle, becoming a proud and honor-loving man. See the Athenian Constitution and the story of Athens. The timocracy, however, does not completely break from all the characteristics of aristocracy, and for Plato this regime is a combination of good and bad features.
This new form of government empowered the common citizen in ways that were unheard of. Eventually the Oligarchy increases poverty until the poor rebel. Rather ironically, that is a freedom we are allowed.
So, could we today here in elect an oligarch. A thinly veiled tyranny is better than outright oppression. In modern terms, the Timocratic man is controlled by his emotions. Oligarchy just naturally evolves from timocracy because a nation indulged in war will accumulate a lot of wealth and it will lose its respect for excellence.
He adds that there are equivalent kinds of human soul for each government. He is consumed by lawless desires which cause him to do many terrible things such as murdering and plundering. Oligarchy[ edit ] Plato defines oligarchy as a system of government which distinguishes between the rich and the poor, making out of the former its administrators.
When, however, he witnesses the problems his father faces due to those timocratic tendencies — say, he wastes public goods in a military campaign, and then is brought before the court, losing his properties after trial —, the future oligarch becomes poor.
Plato would later describe the trial of Socrates as a doctor being persecuted by a pastry chef and judged by a jury of children. A summary of Book VIII in Plato's The Republic. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Republic and what it means.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. Dec 17, · The first stage of political governance is the best form of government according to Plato. It is called aristocracy or government of the best. The ruler has to be the best of philosophers and the best at war as mentioned earlier.
Excellence and education is a priority and equality is observed under the rule of an aristocrat. The Five Stages of Government Aristocracy, Timocracy, Oligarchy, Democracy, Tyranny In book VIII of The Republic, Plato has Socrates describe the five stages of government.
An Analysis of the Plato's Five Stages of Government PAGES 4. WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: democracy, plato, five stages of government, oligarchy. Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University.
Exactly what I needed.
Aug 05, · Plato's 5 Stages of Government - Bill Federer Charismatic Plato's Five Forms of Government - Duration: Plato: The Republic - Book 1 Summary and Analysis - Duration: Plato's allegory of the cave is one of the best-known, most insightful attempts to explain the nature of reality.
The cave represents the state of most human beings, and the tale of a dramatic exit from the cave is the source of true understanding.An analysis of the platos five stages of government